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Home » Wine » Grape Variety » Black Grapes » All Products

Barbera

Barbera is a red Italian wine grape variety that, as of 2000, was the third most-planted red grape variety in Italy (after Sangiovese and Montepulciano). It produces good yields and is known for deep color, low tannins and high levels of acid.


 

Cabernet Franc

Cabernet Franc is one of the major black grape varieties worldwide. Cabernet Franc is lighter than Cabernet Sauvignon, making a bright pale red wine and contributing finesse and a peppery perfume to blends with more robust grapes.


 

Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties. It is grown in nearly every major wine producing country among a diverse spectrum of climates.


 

Carignan

Carignan is a red wine grape that is often blended. Now used mainly in Southern France although good varietals are produced in South Africa and Australia.


 

Carmenere

Carménère was originally planted in the Médoc region of Bordeaux, France,  the world's largest area planted with this variety is now in Chile, with more than 8,800 hectares (2009) cultivated in the Central Valley.


 

Cinsault

Cinsault is a red wine grape, whose heat tolerance and productivity make it important in Languedoc-Roussillon in France.It is often blended with grapes such as Grenache and Carignan to add softness and bouquet


 

Gamay

Gamay is a purple-colored grape variety used to make red wines, most notably grown in Beaujolais and in the Loire Valley around Tours.


 

Garnacha

Grenache (Spanish: Garnacha) is one of the most widely planted red wine grape varieties in the world. It ripens late, so it needs hot, dry conditions such as those found in Spain and the south of France. It is generally spicy, berry-flavored and soft on the palate with a relatively high alcohol content. It tends to lack acid, tannin and color, and is usually blended with other varieties such as Syrah, Carignan, Tempranillo and Cinsaut


 

Grenache

Grenache is one of the most widely planted red wine grape varieties in the world. It ripens late, so it needs hot, dry conditions such as those found in Spain and the south of France. It is generally spicy, berry-flavored and soft on the palate with a relatively high alcohol content. It tends to lack acid, tannin and color, and is usually blended with other varieties such as Syrah, Carignan, Tempranillo and Cinsaut
 


 

Grenache Gris

Grenache blanc or "white" Grenache is a very important grape variety in France where it is the fourth most widely planted white variety after Ugni blanc, Chardonnay and Semillon. It is a permitted variety in the blends of Châteauneuf-du-Pape. In Southern France and Sardinia, the mutants Grenache Rose and Grenache gris are also found making pale rosé and lightly tinted white wines.


 

Grenache Noir

Grenache is one of the most widely planted red wine grape varieties in the world. It ripens late, so it needs hot, dry conditions such as those found in Spain and the south of France. It is generally spicy, berry-flavored and soft on the palate with a relatively high alcohol content. It tends to lack acid, tannin and color, and is usually blended with other varieties such as Syrah, Carignan, Tempranillo and Cinsault.

 


 

Malbec

Malbec is a purple grape variety used in making red wine. The grapes tend to have an inky dark color and robust tannins, and are known as one of the six grapes allowed in the blend of red Bordeaux wine. The French plantations of Malbec are now found primarily in Cahors in South West France. It is increasingly celebrated as an Argentine varietal wine and is being grown around the world.


 

Mataro

Mataró (also known as Mourvèdre or Monastrell) is a red wine grape variety that is grown in many regions around the world including the Rhône and Provence regions of France and Spain and the Australian regions of South Australia and New South Wales. In addition to making red varietal wines, Mataró is a prominent component in "GSM" blends where it is blended with Grenache and Syrah. The variety is also used to make rosé and port-style fortified wines.

 

 

 

Merlot

Merlot is a dark blue-coloured wine grape, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines. Merlot-based wines usually have medium body with hints of berry, plum, and currant. Its softness and "fleshiness", combined with its earlier ripening, makes Merlot a popular grape for blending with the sterner, later-ripening Cabernet Sauvignon, which tends to be higher in tannin.


 

Mourvedre

Mourvèdre is a grape variety that is grown in many regions around the world including the Rhône and Provence regions of France, the Valencia and Jumilla denominación de origens of Spain, California and Washington State and the Australian regions of South Australia and New South Wales. In addition to making red varietal wines, Mourvèdre is a prominent component in "GSM" blends where it is blended with Grenache and Syrah. The variety is also used to make rosé and port-style fortified wines.

Mourvèdre tends to produce tannic wines that can be high in alcohol.


 

Monastrell

Monastrell (also known as Mourvèdre or Mataró) is a red wine grape variety that is grown in many regions around the world including the Rhône and Provence regions of France and Spain and the Australian regions of South Australia and New South Wales. In addition to making red varietal wines, Monastrell is a prominent component in "GSM" blends where it is blended with Grenache and Syrah. The variety is also used to make rosé and port-style fortified wines.

 


 

Montepulciano

Montepulciano is a red Italian wine grape variety that is most noted for being the primary grape behind the Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) wine Montepulciano d'Abruzzo. The grape is widely planted throughout central and southern Italy and is a permitted variety in DOC wines produced in 20 of Italy's 95 provinces. Montepulciano is rarely found in northern Italy because the grape has a tendency to ripen late and can be excessively "green" if harvested too early. When fully ripened, Montepulciano can produce deeply colored wines, with moderate acidity and noticeable extract and alcohol levels.


 

Nebbiolo

Nebbiolo is a red Italian wine grape variety predominantly associated with the Piedmont region where it makes the Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) wines of Barolo and Barbaresco. Nebbiolo produces lightly colored red wines which can be highly tannic in youth with scents of tar and roses. As they age, the wines take on a characteristic brick-orange hue at the rim of the glass and mature to reveal other aromas and flavors such as violets, tar, wild herbs, cherries, raspberries, truffles, tobacco, and prunes. Nebbiolo wines can require years of aging to balance the tannins with other characteristics


 

Nero D'Avola

Nero d'Avola is arguably the most important red wine grape in Sicily and is one of Italy's most important indigenous varieties. It is named after Avola in the far south of Sicily and its wines are compared to New World Shirazes, with sweet tannins and plum or peppery flavours. It also contributes to Marsala blends.


 

Pinot Noir

Pinot noir is a black wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. The name may also refer to wines created predominantly from Pinot noir grapes. Pinot noir grapes are grown around the world, mostly in the cooler regions, but the grape is chiefly associated with the Burgundy region of France. It is widely considered to produce some of the finest wines in the world, but is a difficult variety to cultivate and transform into wine.


 

Pinot Meuniere

Pinot Meunier is a variety of black wine grape most noted for being one of the three main varieties used in the production of Champagne (the other two are the black variety Pinot noir and the white Chardonnay). Until recently, producers in Champagne generally did not acknowledge Pinot Meunier, preferring to emphasise the use of the other noble varieties, but now Pinot Meunier is gaining recognition for the body and richness it contributes to Champagne. Pinot Meunier is approximately one-third of all the grapes planted in Champagne.


 

Pinotage

Pinotage is a red wine grape that is South Africa's signature variety. It typically produces deep red varietal wines with smoky, bramble and earthy flavors, sometimes with notes of bananas and tropical fruit, but has been criticized for sometimes smelling of acetone. Pinotage is often blended, and also made into fortified wine and even red sparkling wine. The grape is a viticultural cross of two varieties of Vitis vinifera, not a hybrid


 

Primitivo

Primitivo (also known as Zinfandel) is a variety of red grape. The Primitivo variety is traditionally grown in Puglia (the "heel" of Italy). The grapes typically produce a robust red wine. The grape's high sugar content can be fermented into levels of alcohol exceeding 15 percent. The taste of the red wine depends on the ripeness of the grapes from which it is made. Blackberry, anise and pepper notes are more common in wines made from the early-ripening Primitivo.


 

Sangiovese

Sangiovese is a red Italian wine grape variety. It is most famous as the main component of the blend Chianti, although it can also be used to make varietal wines. Young Sangiovese has fresh fruity flavors of strawberry and a little spiciness, but it readily takes on oaky, even tarry, flavors when aged in barrels.


 

Shiraz / Syrah

Shiraz or Syrah is a dark-skinned grape grown throughout the world and used primarily to produce red wine. It is used as a varietal and is also blended. Wines made from Syrah are often powerfully flavoured and full-bodied. The variety produces wines with a wide range of flavor notes, depending on the climate and soils where it is grown. Aroma characters can range from violets to dark berries, chocolate, espresso and black pepper. No one aroma can be called "typical" though blackberry and pepper are often noticed. With time in the bottle these "primary" notes are moderated and then supplemented with earthy or savory "tertiary" notes such as leather and truffle.


 

Tempranillo

Tempranillo is a variety of black grape widely grown to make full-bodied red wines in its native Spain. It is the main grape used in Rioja. Tempranillo is bottled either young or after several years of barrel aging. In Portugal, it is blended with others to produce port wine. Often growing its best at higher altitudes, the grape yields wines that are ruby in color, with aromas and flavours of berries, plum, tobacco, vanilla, leather and herb


 

Zinfandel

Zinfandel (also known as Primitivo) is a variety of red grape. The grape is planted in over 10 percent of California vineyards. The grapes typically produce a robust red wine, although a semi-sweet rosé (blush-style) wine called White Zinfandel has six times the sales of the red wine in the United States. The grape's high sugar content can be fermented into levels of alcohol exceeding 15 percent. The taste of the red wine depends on the ripeness of the grapes from which it is made. Red berry fruit flavors like raspberry predominate in wines from cooler areas, whereas blackberry, anise and pepper notes are more common in wines made in warmer areas.


 

All Black Grapes

There are thousands of grape types throughout the world, we have described only the more popular varieties.
 


 

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